The overall aim of our training programme is to equip participants with an understanding of CEE methodology for undertaking systematic reviews in environmental management and thereby, to increase the number and quality of CEE systematic reviews available to both practitioners and policy makers via the open-access CEE journal ‘Environmental Evidence’ and the CEE website. Conducting systematic review in environmental management is methodologically challenging and our training courses are specifically tailored to the environmental sector. The training programme consists of a set of modules which follow the CEE Guidelines for Systematic Review, delivered through a workshop format.
Introduction to systematic review in environmental management (1-day workshop)
This is a one-day event aimed at a wide audience, ranging from review commissioners, stakeholders, potential authors to anyone interested in finding out more about the methodology, purpose and uses of CEE SR in environmental management. This workshop aims to provide an understanding of the main steps required to conduct a good-quality SR, from the importance of question formulation to the various possible outputs (maps, narrative synthesis, quantitative synthesis) and how to register a SR with CEE.
These workshops are composed of various modules which can constitute a multi-day package or can be delivered separately, upon request.
Module 1 - The CEE process, question setting and protocol
This module introduces the historical context and the rationale behind SR. It will address the question of ‘when is a SR appropriate?’ and will provide an overview of the stages in the SR process. Participants will understand the importance of setting an appropriate question and will engage in an exercise in question formulation. The range of question types that can be addressed using SR will be explored. The roles of the SR protocol and scoping study will be covered in this module. The role of the CEE in providing quality assurance, support and the process of submissions to the Environmental Evidence journal will be explained. The potential for publication of the outcomes of SRs in peer-reviewed journals will be discussed and the use of policy briefs to communicate the outcomes of SRs to policymakers will be demonstrated.
Module 2 – Searching and inclusion criteria
This module will demonstrate to participants the importance of prior planning and scoping in the construction of an efficient search strategy. The use of PICO (or other) terms, Boolean operators and the need to consider the different searching algorithms of search operators will be discussed. Participants will become familiar with the design of appropriate inclusion criteria and the factors to consider when selecting inclusion criteria (transparency, repeatability, reviewer bias etc.). Throughout this module, examples and exercises will be used to demonstrate the principles covered.
Module 3 – Critical appraisal
The module covers the importance of critical appraisal and how to conduct critical appraisal within a SR, covering sources to bias to consider, internal and external validity, study design and reporting quality. This module illustrates how to formalise this assessment and how to make it transparent and repeatable. Options for dealing with studies of differing quality will also be explored.
Module 4 – Data handling, evidence synthesis and consolidation
The module covers how to extract data from individual studies; what decisions need to be made when extracting complex ecological data. The options for synthesis of data from included studies is explained, ie systematic mapping, narrative and quantiative synthesis and when these are appropriate is discussed. The basics of these methods of synthesis is covered including how to calculate an effect size from quantitative data, understanding differences in the variance between studies and an overview of the application of meta-analysis techniques.
Advanced modules may be delivered in collaboration with the CEE Methods Groups and cover specialised topics such as meta-analysis, systematic mapping, search strategies…
These advanced workshops must be planned well in advance to make sure the specialists are available. Please contact us for more information.
CEE Centres can be commissioned to run training workshops by contacting us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Our training is primarily aimed at those who wish to undertake a CEE SR (SR authors) who might be environmental consultants, advisors, project managers, academic scientists or others, but the workshops are also useful for those who are likely to use CEE SRs e.g. potential funders, commissioners and policy advisors.
Workshops may either be advertised as ‘open’ (please see the Calendar of Events) or may be commissioned. The cost of training varies according to the type of workshop required, please contact us for an estimate tailored to your requirements: email@example.com.
If you wish to commission a workshop for your organisation group, but are willing to allow external participants to join, then this can reduce the cost. Please contact us to enquire: firstname.lastname@example.org